Thuja in the garden
When to talk about conifers no matter how in winter. After all, this is a polymorphic plant that has more than 120 decorative forms that differ in color, the shape of needles and twigs, and the nature of growth. And therefore, you can choose a thuja with a pyramidal, narrow-columned, spherical or ovoid shape of the crown, and with the help of circumcision, you can give the plants curly shapes.
One of the most popular plants is Western Thuja, although there are 6 species in all. The name of the plant comes from the Greek word thuo, which means "sacrifice, smoke." Indeed, when burning its branches, a very pleasant smell is emitted, reminiscent of the aromas used in sacrifice ceremonies. And all thanks to the fact that the leaves of thuja contain many essential oils with a strong camphor odor, which are a valuable medicinal raw material for the perfume industry. By the way, in the native land of the plant, in North America, the natives made canoe from thuja, and medicinal teas were prepared from the bark.
This unpretentious frost and drought tolerant plant. It tolerates transplantation (younger plants are better), especially in spring. Any soil is suitable for planting, it is only important that it is breathable. Thuja western is easy to cut, however, the shoots should be cut by no more than a third. Growing slowly. It is gas-resistant, therefore it easily feels in the conditions of large cities. On too dry soils and in the shade, the plant loses its decorative effect: the crown becomes less frequent, many cones form. But it can grow in partial shade, however, it feels better in sunny places.
The genus thuja belongs to the cypress family. These are trees or bushes with flat shoots and scaly needles pressed to them. Cones are small, 0.8-1 cm, they ripen in early autumn. For planting, you need to dig a hole 2-3 times more than the root lump. However, when planting a container plant, it is important not to deepen or raise the root collar above the soil level, but to place it at its level. In no case should the lower shoots touch the ground. Trunk circles need to be mulched - peat, bark, compost, deciduous humus, a layer up to 5 cm thick. This will protect the plant from drying out in the summer and freezing in the winter.
If you want to make life easier for a young plant, do not forget to water it once a week during the first month after planting. Depending on the size of the trees, 10 to 50 liters per seedling is needed. In this case, it is advisable to irrigate the crowns - the thuja is very fond of spraying.
The western one is used in single and group plantings, creating hedges and alleys. It is important not to overload the site with thujas. Do not forget that thuja - plants are rather tall, so they can not be placed near other trees and premises (no closer than 3 m). In group planting, the distance between plants is also maintained from 2 to 5 m. Miniature plants are planted in borders, rock gardens, along paths. The value of the plant lies in the fact that it does not lose its decorative effect throughout the year. Cropped branches of pine needles use florists.
Thuja is propagated both vegetatively and from seeds. It is advisable to use them fresh, harvested in the fall, in addition, the seeds require stratification. When stored in heat, germination is lost.
Thuja-based drugs stimulate the central and immune nervous system, and also = cardiac activity. Known for their antiseptic, choleretic, diaphoretic, expectorant, anti-inflammatory and hemostatic effect. Decoctions and infusions of fresh branches strengthen the hair.
But you need to remember that in large quantities, thuja essential oil acts like a poison. Thuja preparations are contraindicated in pregnancy, epilepsy and individual intolerance.