St. John's wort - “wound healer”
St. John's wort in folk representations is considered one of those plants that came from the blood or feather of a bird "lightning", which brought heavenly fire to the earth and was wounded by a hostile creature. Later, St. John's wort attributed the property to drive away unclean forces, it protected from witches and ghosts, and the purple juice obtained by pressing flower buds was considered an enchanting tool.
Hypericum perforatum, St. John's wort, or St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) - perennial herb; species of the genus St. John's wort (Hypericum) family of St. John's wort (Hypericaceae) Earlier, the genus St. John's wort was usually considered as part of the Kluziev familyClusiaceae).
Hypericum perforatum, or St. John's wort is one of the most used medicinal plants.
Folk names of Hypericum: common duravets, St. John's wort, St. John's wort, St. John's wort, hare blood, hare tree, bloodsucker, bloodsucker, bloodsucker, red grass, spruce, hare crooked (Ukraine), Jerabay (Kazakhstan), Dazi (Azerbaijan), Krazan (Georgia), Arevkurik (Armenia).
St. John's wort is a herbaceous perennial rhizome with upright dihedral branched stems. The leaves are opposite, odorous, oblong-oval, sessile, 0.7-3 cm long and 0.3-1.5 cm wide, oval, dull, with numerous translucent dot glands. The flowers are yellow, with a large number of stamens fused with threads in three bunches. Pestle with three columns and a three-celled upper ovary. The fruit is an oblong egg-shaped box 6 mm long, 5 mm wide. Seeds are small, up to 1 mm, cylindrical, brown. Height 30 - 100 cm.
Flowering time. June July.
Spread. It occurs in the forest, forest-steppe and steppe zones of the European part of Russia, in the Caucasus, in Western Siberia and in the mountains of Central Asia.
Habitat. Grows in forest glades, shrubs, gardens, dry meadows.
Applicable part. Grass (stems, leaves, flowers) and leaves.
Pick time. June July.
Chemical composition. The grass contains the coloring matter hypericin, flavonoids hyperoside, rutin, quercetrin and quercetin, nicotinic acid, ceryl alcohol, tannins, a small amount of choline, carotene (up to 55 mg%), vitamins C and PP, traces of alkaloids and phytoncides. St. John's wort, when rubbed, has a peculiar pleasant smell and a slightly astringent bitter-resinous taste.
Caution: The plant is poisonous!
For medical purposes, use grass plants. Collect flower tops along with leaves during flowering. Dried in dryers at a temperature of 35-40 ° C or in air under a canopy.
Ready-to-use raw materials are leafy stems with flowers, buds and partly fruits and seeds; raw materials are dull green in color, with a slight aromatic odor, with a bitter, slightly astringent taste. Moisture is allowed no more than 13%, extractive substances extracted with 70% alcohol, at least 25%.
In pharmacies, they are sold in packs of 100 g in boxes or bags.
It is believed that the name of the plant comes from the Kazakh "Jerabai", which means "wound healer." St. John's wort as a medicinal plant was known in ancient Greece. In Russia, it was used at the beginning of the XVII century. Russian traditional medicine considers St. John's wort to be “herb from ninety-nine diseases” and is widely used, especially in mixtures of medicinal herbs, for the treatment of many diseases. The plant is used in traditional medicine in many countries.
Useful properties of St. John's wort
St. John's wort has astringent, hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antiseptic, wound healing, diuretic and choleretic action. The plant stimulates appetite, stimulates the excretory activity of various glands, promotes tissue regeneration (restoration), and has a calming effect on the nervous system.
There is evidence that they also have a stimulating effect on regenerative processes, have P-vitamin activity, and reduce capillary permeability.
The infusion of herbs is used for female diseases, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract (especially for colitis and various diarrhea), pain in the stomach and intestines, diseases of the liver, heart and bladder, in particular for kidney stones, cystitis and involuntary nighttime urination in children. Grass is also used as a sedative, analgesic for headaches and other nerve pains.
The infusion of herbs is used as a hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, disinfectant and anthelmintic.
In German traditional medicine, the infusion of plants is taken for various gastrointestinal diseases, dropsy, liver and kidney diseases, rheumatism, hemorrhoids and is used as a sedative for headaches, irritability, restless sleep and nerve spasms.
Alcohol tincture of the plant in the form of drops is used internally for rheumatic diseases.
Shredded fresh leaves attached to the wounds contribute to their rapid healing. The crushed grass, infused with vegetable oil and mixed with turpentine, rub joints affected by rheumatism.
Alcohol tincture diluted with water, rinse your mouth to eliminate the bad smell, clean the gums with a clean tincture to strengthen them.
In dentistry, St. John's wort oil is used to treat chronic and subacute gingivitis and stomatitis. Hypericum preparations combine medicinal properties with an unsharp bitter-astringent taste and pleasant balsamic odor. The presence of vitamins A and C complements the therapeutic effect.
The plant is part of various medicinal fees (diuretic, astringent and antirheumatic).
St. John's wort is used in scientific medicine for colitis and kidney stone disease. Clinical studies have shown the good effect of the ether-alcohol tincture of the plant in acute and chronic colitis. A new preparation was made from St. John's wort - imanine for external use in case of burns (no disfiguring scars remain) and skin diseases, fresh and infected wounds, ulcers, boils, purulent inflammatory processes of the skin and with acute colds. An acute runny nose passes within a few hours after the application of imanine.
Internal use of St. John's wort perforated as a poisonous plant requires caution.
Ways to use St. John's wort
- 10 g. Dry St. John's wort grass brew in 1 cup boiling water, insist. Take 1 tablespoon 2 to 4 times a day after meals.
- 15 - 20 g of dry grass insist in 1/2 liter. alcohol or vodka. Take 30 drops with water 3 times a day after meals.
- Fresh leaves of St. John's wort and wild sage (take equally) grind with fresh pork fat, squeeze through cheesecloth. Store in a sealed jar. Use as an ointment for healing wounds and abrasions.
- Add 20 - 30 drops of alcohol tincture of grass to 1/2 cup of water. Use for rinsing with halitosis.
St. John's wort grass is slightly toxic. With prolonged use in its pure form, it can cause discomfort in the liver and a feeling of bitterness in the mouth.
With prolonged use, decoctions and infusions of St. John's wort can cause a narrowing of blood vessels and an increase in blood pressure. For people suffering from hypertension, it is prescribed only in the collection of herbs and in small doses.
You should also be aware that St. John's wort is able to halve the blood levels of such an important enough AIDS medication as Indinavir. If you are sick with AIDS, in no case do not take St. John's wort, since this plant completely neutralizes the effective effect of drugs that can be prescribed to combat this ailment.
St. John's wort also can not be used along with anticoagulants and cardiac drugs. When interacting with these drugs, this plant weakens their effect.
The same effect is observed when using St. John's wort with a drug such as Cyclosporin, which is used to prevent organ rejection after transplantation.
Dear women, if you are taking any contraceptive and at the same time you need St. John's wort, be sure to consult a doctor about this. The fact is that some of the components that make up this medicinal plant can reduce the contraceptive property of some birth control drugs.
With special attention, St. John's wort should also be taken by older people who use modern antidepressants. The simultaneous use of these drugs and St. John's wort can lead to frequent dizziness, confusion, anxiety, and migraine.
From the use of St. John's wort should be abandoned and those people who have hypersensitivity to the sun. If you nevertheless took St. John's wort, then try not to go out in the sun. Remember this, as it is very important.
Taking antibiotics also provides for the rejection of St. John's wort.
This medicinal plant is not recommended for pregnant women, as well as women who are breastfeeding.
Be especially careful when using St. John's wort along with anesthetics. If you are preparing for anesthesia while you are taking St. John's wort, be sure to inform your healthcare provider about this. The thing is that this plant can cause a strengthening or prolongation of the action of some anesthetic drugs.
More recently, it became known that St. John's wort has a negative effect on the optic nerve.
- V.P. Makhlayuk. Medicinal plants in traditional medicine.