Houseplant care in summer
Summer is a long-awaited time of the year for people, as well as for many indoor plants that are actively growing during this period. That is why special care is so important not only in the cold winter, but also in the sultry summer. One should equally pay attention to the pets lushly blooming at this time of the year, and to those specimens that usually "rest" at this time. Next, we will reveal the secrets of proper flower care in the summer.
Basic rules for the care of indoor plants in the summer
Summer watering and spraying
Summer heat contributes to the increase in fumes that occur with the help of flowers and foliage, and the earthen lump dries much faster. And with a lack of moisture, there is a complete violation of the circulation of all the nutrients contained in plants.
If you do not follow the regularity of watering, the plant can not only stop its development, but also die. However, do not over-moisten the soil, it is important to consider that, depending on environmental conditions, the amount of water required for irrigation can vary significantly. For example, if during the day it is too hot and also sunny, then some of the flowers will have to be watered a couple of times a day. Water can only be used properly settled. However, with a decrease in temperature and the onset of rainy days (which means with an increase in air humidity), water for irrigation should become less.
No need to start watering, if the soil is still sufficiently moist, it is not difficult to determine, you just need to gently pierce the ground with your finger (about 1 cm). Feeling the dryness of the earth, you can safely take to water procedures. Small pots can be raised slightly to check if the soil is dry from below.
Abundant watering (at any time of the day) and regular spraying, that is, additional hydration, require the following home plants:
- Agave indoor.
- Indoor maple or abutilon (especially during the period of its most active flowering, with insufficient soil moisture, beautiful flowers will begin to crumble).
- Azalea is indoor. A picky pet in growing, in the summer, requiring frequent moistening of the soil and spraying.
- Alocasia loves water procedures, which you can safely classify and rubbing the leaves with a damp cloth or sponge.
- Aloe home doctor, in the summer also turns into a "water chowder", but it is better not to spray the leaves, otherwise they may dry out.
- Anthurium is a plant that loves frequent moistening of foliage, as well as watering, its soil should be always moist.
- Achimenes flower.
- Roly wet or room balm. Watering, as well as spraying it should be more often, stagnation of fluid in the pan is unacceptable.
- Geranium or Pelargonium.
- Callas or calla lilies.
- Primrose or primrose.
- Orchid (especially during flowering).
- The Rose.
Moderately watered and moisturized: adenanthos, adenium, adiantum, amaryllis, astrophytum, begonia (it can also be placed in a tray with peat, which needs to be moistened occasionally), cyclamen, nasturtium, nerin and uzumbar violet, which is better not to spray, because the leaves are poorly tolerated humidity. Cover the violet pot with peat or moss, periodically sprinkling it with water.
Excess moisture can cause significant harm to such pets as: aglaonema (watering 2 times a week), geranium (1 time per couple of days), and chrysanthemum (2-3 times a week).
Spraying is especially useful in the summer, and plants such as dracaena, dieffenbachia, arrowroot, ivy, ferns, philodendrons and ficuses are well-known fans of water spray that should not be cold. Also, many plants will not be prevented by a warm shower a couple of times a week, which will not only moisturize, but also wash off the dust from the leaves.
If there is a transplant during this period, it is important to monitor soil moisture for the first few weeks, this must be done to quickly penetrate the roots into the substrate, namely, outside the lump of land with which the houseplant was transplanted. Excess moisture, as well as aridity, can interfere with this important process.
Plant nutrition in summer
An important point in leaving in the hot period is top dressing, which should be regular. In summer, this procedure can be carried out a couple of times a month, it all depends on the growth of the plant. Abundantly blooming pets should usually devote more time and attention to feeding them once a week. When using liquid mineral fertilizers, it is important to adhere to the instructions that can always be found on the packaging. Usually it is customary to use ammonia or potassium nitrate, potassium salt and superphosphate.
A strong concentration of fertilizers can adversely affect the root system, so for small pets, you should first use a half dose, and gradually increase it to the level you need. In the event that the pet has recently been transplanted into a ready-made substrate containing various types of long-acting fertilizer, feeding is not yet needed.
During the flowering period, pets need an additional portion of fertilizers, for this purpose it is better to use products in which phosphorus-potassium constituents predominate. In some of the plants, after flowering, leaves appear, then it will be necessary to change the fertilizer to another, with a high nitrogen component.
Required temperature and ventilation
It is known that all the vital processes of each particular plant species are carried out under a specific thermal regime. Experts noted that photosynthesis is noticeably accelerated at elevated temperatures in plants from the tropics and subtropics, as well as in pets originating from temperate latitudes. In general, almost all indoor pets tolerate heat and light, but it would not hurt to protect them from direct sunlight.
Some plants prefer moderate temperatures, and at high temperatures they can die, these are: azalea, amaryllis, gloxinia, jasmine, camellia, primrose, violet and many others.
Others, on the contrary, feel great precisely in the heat: aloe, all kinds of cacti, money tree, marshmallows and hippeastrum, palm trees and ficuses.
Drafts are the enemy of many darlings, therefore it is impossible to place pots with them in places easily blown. When airing, take the following flowers out of the room (you can also close the door tightly): passionflower, croton, dieffenbachia, dracaena, Benjamin's ficus. At the same time, fresh air for plants is simply necessary in the summer, many experts advise taking them to balconies and loggias.
Light-loving pets are the most unpretentious in the maintenance of the house, they can always be put on the windowsill, not afraid that they will get sick from the warm sunlight, from time to time to water, feed, generally, to care properly and everything will be fine. Spring and summer are their favorite period, they often bloom richly and grow rapidly. Begonia, geranium and Kalanchoe love bright light and do not require special care, which is why they are so loved by many. One of the shortcomings of these pets, their placement on the north side of the premises is undesirable, otherwise their growth will stop, the leaves will fall off and soon they will simply wither.
Hibiscus, cacti, gardenia, bells, oleander, date palms and citruses feel great in the southern part of the room, but their foliage should be protected from burns.
But many plants prefer shade more, so keeping them in the summer is better in a darkened room: asparagus, clivia, ruscus, aspidistra, tradescantia, some ferns and some others.
Care for plants that go to rest in the summer
Strange as it may seem, but in the summer, some plants rest, therefore, having noticed that the pet has dropped the foliage, do not rush to throw it away, but rather put it in a warm, shaded place, and from time to time do not forget to water it.
These include the cyclamen, which at the end of June it is advisable to transfer to an open balcony and put in shade, because in July it will begin to wake up and release leaflets, at the same time an urgent need to transplant. The period of activity in cyclamen falls on the autumn-winter period.
Trim and garter
Periodic garter and pruning are mandatory procedures, after which the plants let out lateral shoots, acquiring a more decorative look. For example, all curly and penetrating pets need such events; to give them a nice shape, they need to periodically trim the tops. It is better to do this with a sharp knife or razor.
Rapidly growing curly flowers need strong supports, but tying them too much is not recommended, as growth from this can noticeably worsen.
In summer, all plant pests lead an extremely active lifestyle, so it is important to check your pet’s leaves daily for insects. Their timely recognition and elimination will save the flowers from death and disease. The most common parasites include thrips, spider mites, whiteflies, scutes, and powdery milks.
To combat them, various means are used - insecticides or alternative recipes.
Summer flower care
In summer, during the holiday season, you need to think about plants in advance, because sometimes you have to leave not for a few days, but for a couple of weeks. As you know, the tissues of many plants are already 80 percent composed of liquids, so the initial task is to ensure their uninterrupted supply of water.
The easiest way the absence of hosts in the summer will be carried by the following plants:
- Laurel noble.
- Citrus fruits and some of the ornamental crops (pineapple, cissus, hoya).
But in stock, the specialists have several tips for owners leaving for a vacation, they will help to save your favorite plants even in the strongest heat:
- A few days before departure, it is important to check the leaves for parasites and diseases. Having found signs of disease, you need to treat the affected areas with special drugs.
- All dry or damaged shoots and leaves, as well as large flowers and even buds, should be removed from plants.
- Doors and windows need to be partially curtained, this should be done in such a way that there are no strong drafts and direct sunlight in the room where the plants remain, which contribute to the rapid drying of the soil.
- Large plants should be placed on the floor, away from windows, in dishes with gravel, expanded clay, vermiculite or perlite, and water poured there.
- All types of top dressing must be terminated a couple of weeks before departure.
- For watering, there is a special method of capillary absorption, which is also called the cord method. It is carried out as follows: a piece of cloth or a wool cord is taken, and then one end of it is lowered into a pot, and the other into a container of water. The can or bottle of standing water should be above the flower pots.
- You can take all the plants to the country, if possible, and dig them in there along with the pots, while the soil surface is then covered with any organic matter, such as peat and sawdust.
In addition, on sale you can find or craft the whole plant, through which the flowers can be without watering for a long time.
Here is such a simple, but important process of leaving in the summer, you must certainly follow all the rules and then, your beautiful favorites will spoil you with their flowering more and more from year to year!