Separation and transplantation of plants on the shore of the pond
Garden ponds, like plants that are used to design them, have a special charm. Landscaping of the pond brings its “results” for several months, and the transformation of coastlines and shallow-water stars never stops. In this closed and such isolated biosphere, the interconnections and interactions of individual elements with each other create a striking harmony. But the active development of most crops near the pond sooner or later leads to the need to adjust plantings, divide and transplant plants. But there is nothing complicated in this process.
The rapid development of plants in your favorite garden ponds is one of the nice bonuses that await anyone who decides to lay a pond on their site. Regardless of the style of decoration, splendor or laconicism of landscaping, and even the “set” of plants, coastal vegetation is characterized by one very pleasant feature - after planting, plants quickly reach their optimal size and begin to fulfill their functions. Without experiencing a lack of moisture and without suffering from heat, pond vegetation really pleasantly surprises with the growth rate in most of its cases. So, when using not too shallow seedlings and delenki in the process of gardening, after a couple of months the pond does not look like a new and not yet grown object, but as a full-fledged decoration of the site. Plants need some time to take root and adapt, but then they grow very intensively. The fast pace of development is also distinguished by favorite pond cereals like cattail of small cattle or reed grass, and perennials common to flower beds like buzulnik, coreopsis, lilac grass, daylily and creeper. Landings on the shores of the pond "close" literally before our eyes.
The active growth and development of plants, typical for the design of coastlines, has a downside. Due to the rapid growth and proliferation of plants, they not only allow you to quickly achieve the desired decorativeness of the plantings, but also just as quickly lead to the problem of distribution, growth and the need to rejuvenate the plantings. After some time (usually it is about 2-5 years), the plants begin to compete with each other, “argue” over the territory, cover each other from the light, aggressor leaders break ahead, and more “tender” and not such active plants can stop blooming and lose their decorative effect. In many herbaceous perennials, part of the turf dies with age, while others become loose and lose their shape. The problem of overgrowth is usually characteristic not only for coastlines (from the wetland to “dry” landings on the coast itself). If you grow aquatic plants in a basket, then restraining and adjusting them is much easier. And so they will not be able to grow thanks to the very method of planting. But on the shore, at the first sign of the need for transplantation and separation, it is better to immediately take appropriate measures. You need to focus on the appearance of the plantings: any feeling of neglect, disorder, carelessness, loss of expressiveness or atypical deterioration and lack of flowering are all signs that it is time to get to work.
For some reason, many gardeners believe that the process of rejuvenating and separating plants at a pond is much more complicated than a similar procedure on flower beds. In practice, everything is usually even the opposite. When working with coastlines, there are common principles and work standards that allow you to never make mistakes and not lose a single culture.
First of all, in no case do not consider planting as a whole. Even if most plants need to be divided, it is worth applying an individual approach to them. On the shores, and in the case of shallow and water stars, all at once the plants do not dig up and do not divide. Work should only be with plants or sections of the pond that really need control and transplantation. Even if the plants are strongly intertwined with each other, they form a seemingly continuous confusion (such soil protectors as creeping ayuga and its colleagues often “crawl” and mix with other plants), you still need to separate them from each other and work with each plant separately. Digging is also necessary for loss of decorativeness, need for rejuvenation, and for problems with flowering (if there are no other possible reasons), and if some plants inhibit others.
All plants are dug up one by one, and entangled among themselves - in one continuous mass, in which they will restore order after digging. There is nothing complicated in this process:
- Using a sharp shovel, pry off a layer of earth with a rhizome. Try to avoid root injuries and carefully dig up plants. Since the plant suffers in the process of separation, careless digging can turn into a catastrophe or at least the loss of part of the plants. Therefore, do not rush anywhere and act carefully and for sure.
- Place the dug plants near the pond in a shaded place where it will be convenient to work with them.
- Prepare a sharp knife with which you can cut dense sods.
- Gently manually clean the dug plants from plant debris and weeds. Divide the plants that intertwined with a friend and lost their appearance, into separate “clean” fragments. Do this procedure carefully, trying as little as possible to injure the roots.
- Inspect the bushes and divide them into two categories - cultures that need rejuvenation (1) or just a simple separation (2).
- Plants that do not bloom well or cease to bloom at all need rejuvenation: using a knife or manually divide them into several large parts with powerful bundles of roots and several buds of renewal.
- Plants, in which the individual parts of the rugs and sods have died out, are separated, completely cutting out the damaged parts. It is worth removing weakened or damaged, diseased plants, leaving the strongest in those crops that have grown and “scattered” over large areas.
- Sort the resulting planting material. If in the process of separation there are many small delenki or even individual stems and “babies” that need a lot of time to create attractive bushes and curtains, then it is better to collect them in one group, creating a spot that will become attractive in a few months. Group cultures that look bad alone and get lost to plant them with a whole stain and create a beautiful pond decoration. Do not try to use all the delenki that you have: leave as many plants as you really need, taking into account the optimal distance to their neighbors and the density of planting. Feel free to use all the extra plants in other parts of the garden, mobile compositions and ponds, on flower beds and in discounts. Or share them with your neighbors and acquaintances - they will surely be delighted to replenish their collection and may even exchange their favorites with you.
- If you have a lot of cuttings left during the separation of herbaceous perennials, do not throw them away: you can plant them in special greenhouses in the garden, and in containers, and even in a small area right there, on the shore of the pond. After rooting, you will have a large number of strong seedlings that you can use at your discretion.
Immediately tackle the soil empty after digging the plants. Add fresh soil to the soil, organic fertilizers (for example, horn shavings and compost), if necessary, adjust the composition and texture - sand or peat. Loosen and level the platform so that you can then immediately plant new plants on it. In places where you will plant crops that are too aggressive in nature, tend to survive your neighbors and suppress your favorite flowering plants, immediately set the limiters - tack screens that will not allow beautiful aggressors to go beyond certain limits.
The landing process itself is the same as for landscaping the pond. It is necessary to carefully check the preferences of plants, especially to the depth of planting and the distance between the bushes. But the transplant also has its own peculiarities: you need to start with crops that have suffered from the aggressiveness of other plants, those perennials that you "saved" in the first place and that suffered more than others. The better the plant was (and the stronger it was), the later it can be planted.