We grow Manchurian walnut
Hello dear gardeners, gardeners and gardeners! Dear ones, today I would like to tell you, to introduce many of you to such a plant as a nut.
There are only about 20 species of nuts. But Russia is big - it can withstand these trees. Trees are huge, beautiful, with a height of about 20 to 30 meters, can grow. 200-300 years can grow. In diameter, the trunk can reach about a meter somewhere, about a meter and a half somewhere even.
These are huge, powerful trees. As a rule, a very beautiful crown. Many of them have a raised crown, openwork, so the trunk is unusually smooth, smooth, beautiful, covered with such a bark, look. The bark will cork, and this cork layer, of such beauty, is growing. Can you imagine that? Weightless absolutely this layer. And really like a real traffic jam.
True, trees occupy a lot of space. Nevertheless, our topic today concerns those who have plots of at least 12 acres, because the crown can occupy about 4 acres. So imagine, huh? Almost under the crown, well, nothing. Only if you put some flowerpots, you can’t grow anything else. But the trees themselves for large plots are simply irreplaceable.
There is a walnut among these nuts, which you know very well, right? Walnuts. For comparison, I just brought them.
There is a Manchu nut - here it is, see? Large, very sharp, prickly.
Here is a nut in a skin, like this it hangs on a branch. See, huh? Here is such an oblong. Here he is. I'll put on gloves to show you.
If suddenly you are looking for these nuts somewhere and you will find them, then carefully pick them in your hands, very carefully. Why? Because a lot of iodine is contained in this shell. Therefore, it is imperative, for example, to find such a nut here - they can be found in any city park, in some public garden, in the urban forest. So you found this nut.
So you open it, see, yes? This way. Separate, rinse. Rinse thoroughly. Dry this nut. Here he is. Neatly, very neatly, because then you can not wash your fingers for a week with anything.
So, you got a nut. You can dry it for a period. Well, say, a week, two, three. You can store one and a half to two months in normal room conditions. And then drop it off. But do not immediately wait for seedlings, immediately seedlings will not appear. You need to stratify this nut.
As usual, we take an inert medium, sand, sphagnum moss, you can even take ordinary, slightly moistened peat, preferably coarse fiber.
You can take vermiculite, perlite. I love sand, for example, pour river sand in this way. Stack further. And so, layer by layer, you pour sand, which, in fact, is such an intermediate material.
When you already covered the top nuts with this inert substrate, then after that we put our container - it can be any - in a bag, a plastic bag. Tie this bag. And set to stratification. Stratification takes place for about two, a maximum of three months, at the end of which you will see such a small tail already pecked.
Plant the seeds. Even if they sprout at your place ahead of time — you still will not soon go to the cottage — you can plant one nutlet in a similar, similar pot in a good oily substrate. You do the same with black walnuts.
So I already said that there is a walnut, Manchu nut, black nut. See, huh? What a beautiful nut. Stratified, they sprouted from you.
They drove to the country when the threat of frost passed. After which you are already planting in a permanent place, as it should, properly preparing the soil.
The soil should be nutritious, moderately so heavy, in general. And then only nuts will grow well. The first 2-3 years are slowly growing, growths are small. The first year is 15-20cm, the second is 30-40cm. By the third year, it can give growth and the plant can become about a meter high.
And look what leaves. I forgot to say completely: huge leaves, the leaves of these trees can be more than a meter. This is what I have gathered right now. But the largest have long circled, they have already been removed.
Trees, of course, love the sun. They love light, air, watering - be sure to produce it after the third year, be sure to fertilize it so that the tree grows actively. And I want to say, already by the age of ten it will be in your tree already 4 meters, 5 meters high.
Therefore, in order to prevent too much growth, very strong such growth, then please form the crown properly, reduce the height of the leading branches and you will get very neat trees. Due to trimming, formation, you can restrain, in general, the growth of the tree itself.
A tree of similar beauty is velvet, Amur velvet. This is not a nut, it has such complex inflorescences, and then fruit. You just collect among the foliage just like these nuts, now you can find. Just on foliage, under foliage that has fallen, and those and other cultures.
You simply crush these nuts. So crush it and the seeds appear there. Here they are these seeds. You collect them.
Seeds do not like drying out, so it is best to put these nuts, these seeds, in a slightly moist substrate. After which, as soon as the very first ones hatch — 2-3 months will also pass — you sow them. Dear friends, who have large plots, you definitely need to plant trees on the plot that you will enjoy for many, many years to come.
Nikolai Fursov. PhD in Agricultural Sciences